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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 170 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀惠(2003)。國小自然與生活科技領域教師教學信念、教學效能與教學行為之相關研究。國立臺南師範學院自然碩士學位班碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  2. 王前龍(1999)。國民中學《認識臺灣-社會篇》教科書中之國家認同論述-從自由主義與民族主義的觀點來解析。載於第二屆臺灣教育社會學論壇論文集(頁661-691)。
  3. 王雅玄(2008)。進入情境與歷史—臺灣原住民教師的多元文化素養及其實踐。臺東大學教育學報,19(1),1-30。
  4. 王雅玄(2009)。多元文化教師圖像之批判反思—以原住民教師的情境定義為例。教育科學研究期刊,54(2),1-27。
  5. 王麗雲、潘慧玲(2000)。教師彰權益能概念與實施策略研究。教育研究集刊,44,173-199。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃愛君(2014)。「意」轉多元文化新「視」界-一位國小教師多元文化意識開展及教育實踐。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-164。 
  2. 賴金河(2012)。國小多元文化教育課程實施之研究--以兩所國小為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-280。
  3. 林瑞塘(2014)。雲林縣國小教師受情緒勒索類型及職場情緒勒索與工作壓力之相關研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-306。
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