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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 立法院公報 (2008) 勞動基準法第五十四條修正草案,第97卷,第18期。
  2. 王永慈(2006)台灣的貧窮問題:相關研究的檢視,臺大社工學刊,10:1-54。
  3. 李憶君(2006) 嘉義縣老人社區照顧多元方案之研究-以嘉義縣六腳鄉灣南社區為例,國立中正大學社會福利研究所。
  4. 林昭禎 (2009) 失業率與救失業的對話:「充分就業」政策的反思,財團法人國家政策研究基金會。
  5. 張晉芬 (1995) 台灣婦女工作處境之探討,勞資關係論叢,3:153-171。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑妃(2014)。退休婦女再就業經驗學習之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-187。
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