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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 05.Martha C. Nussbaum著(方佳俊譯),逃避人性─噁心、羞恥與法律,台北:商周,2007年5月。
  2. 03.鄧煌發,當代社區處遇措施之探討,收錄於:法務部編,刑事政策與犯罪研究論文集(五),2002年,頁117-146。
  3. 04.王永慈,「積極促進」(activation)概念的解析,東吳大學社會工作學報第16期,2007年6月,頁151-173。
  4. 07.李易駿,社會排除:流行或挑戰,社會政策與社會工作學刊,第10卷第1期,2006年6月,頁1-47。
  5. 08.周桂田,從「全球化風險」到「全球在地化風險」之研究進路:對貝克理論的批判思考,台灣社會學刊第31期,2003年12月,頁153-188。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高心怡(2013)。易服社會勞動人社會復歸之研究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2013。1-118。
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