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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 巫美鳳(2004)。應用懷舊療法照顧一位護理之家住民的護理經驗。長期照護雜誌9(1),76-87。
  2. 吳麗芬(2001)。懷舊治療與人生回顧。護理雜誌48(1),83-88。
  3. 吳慶音、侯菊鸝、許樹珍(2004)。運用團體懷舊治療減緩一位老年喪偶哀傷反應個案之護理經驗。榮總護理21(2),127-135。
  4. 吳麗芬、周青波、陸秀芳、曾惠楨(2006)。團體懷舊治療實務指引之研發。實證護理2(3),173-179。
  5. 李歡芳(2003)。老人自尊與懷舊療法。護理雜誌50(4),98-102。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅智容(2013)。高齡生命繪本方案對高齡學習者的生命意義感影響之準實驗研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-151。
  2. 傅馨柔(2016)。懷舊味道敘述對長照機構老人生心理反應影響之研究。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-69。
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