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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳耀明(2004)。國小優良教師對班級經營觀點之研究。國民教育研究學報,12,111-134。
  2. 李孟峰、連廷嘉(2010)。「攜手計畫-課後扶助方案」實施歷程與成效之研究。教育實踐與研究,23,115-144。
  3. 林瑞榮(2011)。公私協力模式推動課後補救教學之探究-以播撒希望種子課輔計畫為例。國立臺南大學教育研究學報,45,25-43。
  4. 林曉雯(1994)。國中生物教師教學表徵的詮釋性研究。國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  5. 洪湘慧(2011)。新北市國民小學英語教師教學信念與教學效能之研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫珍貞(2013)。任務型教學法實施於國小英語補救教學之歷程研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-175。
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