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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明玲,2002,學校志工領導行為影響志工組織發展之研究-以台北縣國小志工為例 臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  2. 呂朝賢,2002,〈對我國志願服務法的若干反思與建議〉,台大社會工作學刊,第7期,民91,頁203-241。
  3. 吳建明,2007,「非營利組織志工參與動機與組織承諾之研究-以台東縣救國團所屬社會基層團務組織志工為例」,臺東大學區域政策與發展研究所碩士論文。
  4. 周學雯,2002,「大學生參與運動志工之動機與意願研究」,國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林慧亭、林明宗、邱翼松,2006,〈參與體育志工動機之初探〉,輔仁大學體育學刊,第五期,頁276~286。
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