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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明誠(2010)。無圍牆小學開放性與安全性之研究─監視社會理論的觀點。國立暨南國際大學公共行政與政策學系碩士論文。
  2. 吳芝儀(2000)。中輟學生的危機與轉機。嘉義:濤石。
  3. 陳李綢(2000)。個案研究。台北:心理。
  4. 施祐吉(2003)。如何提昇校園安全並減低意外事件發生。學生事務。42(2),4-5。
  5. 許華孚(2010)。校園危機與校園安全之維護。楊士隆編。校園犯罪與安全維護。台灣青少年犯罪防治研究學會。P.346-349、P.354-356。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃幸如(2013)。綠色圍籬運用在校園安全之探究 - 友善校園VS.被害恐懼感。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2013。1-114。
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