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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.王玉葉,由補償性理論到多元化理論:美國高等教育優惠待遇案件Grutter之迴響,美國最高法院重要判決之研究:2000~2003,頁363-393,中央研究院歐美研究所,2007年。
    2. 13.焦興鎧,工作場所同性間性騷擾所引起之爭議 ──Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc.一案判決之評析,美國最高法院重要判決之研究:1996~1999,頁305-362,台北:中央研究院歐美研究所,2005年。
    3. 14.焦興鎧,美國就業上性傾向歧視爭議之探討,歐美研究,第39卷,第1期,頁29-77,2009年。
    4. 6.洪慈翊,從憲法基本權與性別研究觀點探討台灣的同志婚姻,國立臺灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,2006年。
    5. 2.Clarke, G. ,Sexuality and physical education, Handbook of Physical Education, 723-739 (2006).
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡怡婷(2017)。男性彩妝師升遷的玻璃手扶梯。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-103。 
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