Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王保進(2006)。以品質保證為目標的美國高等教育認可制度。評鑑雙月刊,2,47-50。
  2. 王精文、蕭婉鎔(2004)。建構學習型組織與組織績效關係之研究。人力資源管理學報,4(4),29-49。
  3. 吳勁甫(2007)。競值架構應用在國民小學校長領導行為、學校組織文化與組織效能關係之研究。國立政治大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北巿。
  4. 吳玲玲、許欽嘉、蔡清祥、柯承恩(2010)。對知識工作者之領導效能之研究:領導風格與認知差異。資訊管理學報,17,221-238。
  5. 吳清山、林天祐(1998)。教育名詞:轉型領導、互易領導。教育資料與研究,24,63-64。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡芙珮(2016)。國民小學校長完全領導、組織學習與學校創新經營關係之研究---以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-261。
  2. 李廷宜(2016)。成人合作學習歷程之研究:以國小教師為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-156。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :