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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 10 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] K.G. Libbrecht and M. W. Libbrecht, “Interferometric measurement of the resonant absorption and refractive index in rubidium gas,” Am. J. Phys. 74, 1055 (2006).
  2. [2] S. Kadlecek, J. Sebby, R. Newell, and T. G. Walker, “Nondestructive spatial heterodyne imaging of cold atoms,” Opt. Lett. 26, 137 (2001).
  3. [3] Tzu-Ping Ku, Chi-Yuan Huang, Bor-Wen Shiau, and Dian-Jiun Han, “Phase shifting interferometry of cold atoms,” Opt. Express 19, 3730 (2011).
  4. [4] Hsiang-Yu Lo, Po-Ching Su, Yu-Wei Cheng, Pin-I Wu, and Yong-Fan Chen, “Femtowatt-light-level phase measurement of slow light pulses via beat-note interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 18498 (2010).
  5. [5] Marshall T. DePue, S. Lukman Winoto, D.J. Han, David S. Weiss, “Transient compression of a MOT and high intensity fluorescent imaging of optically thick clouds of atoms,” Opt. Commun. 180, 73 (2000).
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王盈翔(2014)。銣原子團之非破壞性相位移成像研究。中正大學物理學系學位論文。2014。1-50。
  2. 林國豐(2015)。銣原子蒸氣之電磁誘發吸收研究。中正大學物理學系學位論文。2015。1-51。
  3. 曾柏叡(2016)。銣原子團相位移成像。中正大學物理學系學位論文。2016。1-59。
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