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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇、周月清、林麗嬋、吳肖琪、張宏哲、郭登聰、陳武宗、李光廷、藍忠孚、湯麗玉、劉蓉台(2005)。《我國長期照顧服務輸送規劃研究第一標》。內政部委託研究報告(計畫編號:94M23)。台北:內政部。
  2. 李世代(2010)。<長期照護的發展與推動>。《台灣醫界》,53(1),44-50。
  3. 李光廷(2008)。<日本介護保險實施現況、發展與未來>。《研考雙月刊》,32(6),53-67。
  4. 吳肖琪、林麗嬋、蔡誾誾、張淑卿、郭銘珊、陳薏歆(2009)。《長期照護保險法制服務輸送及照顧管理之評估》。經建會委託研究(計畫編號:(98)025.808)。臺北:行政院。
  5. 吳淑瓊、莊坤洋(2001)。〈在地老化:台灣二十一世紀長期照護的政策方向〉。《臺灣公共衛生雜誌》,20,192-201。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周采嫻(2016)。以媒體豐富性與媒體同步性探討運用視訊會議探視長輩之意圖。交通大學管理學院資訊管理學程學位論文。2016。1-95。
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