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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 司徒達賢,1995。策略管理,台北:遠流出版。
  2. 司徒達賢,1998。策略管理,台北:遠流出版。
  3. 朱文儀,陳建男,黃豪臣譯,2011。策略管理(Gareth R. Jones and Charles W. L. Hill合著),台北:華泰書局。
  4. 李雅櫻、彭朱如,2002。特殊功能醫院經營策略分析─以中山醫學大學附設復健醫院為例,醫務管理期刊,第三卷第四期,95-117。
  5. 吳鴻偉,2011。資訊部門主管領導風格對團隊績效之影響,元智大學資訊管理學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許仲毅(2015)。組織生命週期、組織結構變革與策略變革對組織效能影響之研究-以某石油公司為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-157。
  2. 林菀渝(2016)。台灣公民營行庫中國市場經營策略之研究。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-126。
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