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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣區電機電子工業同業公會(2009)。兩岸合贏創商機:2009中國大陸地區投資環境與風險調查。台北市:商周編輯。
  2. 周啟明(2009)。台灣企業集團之國際化與集團資源及產業環境之關係。國立政治大學國際經營與貿易研究所未出版碩士論文。
  3. 林曉如(2011)。台商赴大陸投資區位選擇之研究──以濱海新區、兩江新區、海西區、北部灣為例。中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  4. 高長、陳威如(1998)。台商赴大陸投資所有權進入模式決定因素的分析。管理學報,15卷,頁393-418。
  5. 張弘遠(2008)。兩岸經貿關係中國家角色的轉變。載於陳德昇(編),經濟全球化與台商大陸投資:策略、佈局與比較,頁78-82。新北市:印刻。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉佩青(2014)。新興市場連鎖零售通路型態選擇之研究。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2014。1-83。
  2. 高齊鎂(2015)。台灣集團企業國際市場成長之Penrose效應。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-86。
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