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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今、張元玫、葉明莉、張玉梅、白瑞聰(2010)。〈台灣社區老人之飲食行為與其營養健康狀況改變之研究〉。《健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌》,30:63-56。
  2. 王雲東、薛承泰、鄧志松、陳信木、楊培珊、詹慶恩(2012)。〈我國失能與失智人口及其所需照顧服務員人力之推估〉。《台大社工學刊》,25:51-102。
  3. 王德睦與李大正(2009)。〈台灣的存活曲線矩型化與壽命延長〉。《人口學刊》,38:1-31。
  4. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2006)。民國九十二年台灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤(第五次)調查成果報告。台中,國健局。
  5. 李大正、楊靜利、王德睦(2011)。〈人口老話與全民健保支出:死亡距離取向的分析〉。《人口學刊》,43:1-35。
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