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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林慧芳(2008)。以“建構論”與“最小量論”試探不同工作記憶廣度學生閱讀推論歷程之表現[The On-Line Inference Processes of the Differences in Working Memory in Students for Constructivism and Minimalism]。新竹教育大學教育學報, 25(2),頁95-128。
  2. 邱美秀、林清山(1997)。高中生閱讀兩難故事的工作記憶因果推論歷程研究[Processes of Causal Inferences in Working Memory for Senior High School Students in Reading Dilemma Narratives]。教育心理學報(29),頁259-276。
  3. 洪蘭(2009)。科學教養與學習。台北:信誼基金會。
  4. 范沛瀅(2004)。運用放聲思考法比較國小五年級閱讀理解困難學生與一般學生之推論能力。國立台北師範學院特殊教育學系碩士班,台北市。
  5. 陳榮華、陳心怡(2007)。101魏氏兒童智力量表第四版。台北市:中國行為科學社。
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