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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 219 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王悅琳 (2012)。台中市國小教師老化態度、活躍老化學習認知與學習需求之研究。國立中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。
  2. 內政部戶政司 (2012a)。人口年齡結構重要指標101年1月。2012年2月13日,取自
  3. 吳逸如 (2011)。戰後嬰兒潮世代公教人員活躍老化學習需求及參與意願之探討。國立中正大學高齡者教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。
  4. 林東龍、余嬪、陳武宗 (2011)。退休經驗的社會脈絡分析。臺灣社會福利學刊,9(2),
  5. 林麗惠 (2006a)。高齡者參與志願服務與成功老化之研究。生死學研究,4,1-36。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許恆嘉(2014)。東海大學博雅書院學生參與博雅學習歷程後的增能結果之探究:觀點轉化學習理論的應用。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-320。
  2. 黃淑珍(2015)。日本高齡教育政策與實務之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-258。
  3. 姚卿騰(2016)。高齡者參與正向心理課程對其心理健康改善之研究─以雲林縣社區日間照顧中心為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-253。
  4. 劉汶琪(2016)。高齡者學習參與、社會連結與靈性健康關係之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-222。
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