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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 歐用生(1995)。鄉土教育的理念與設計。載於黃政傑、李隆盛主編,鄉土教育,(pp.10-12)。台北:漢文書店。
  2. 楊意菁、陳芸芸譯 (2001)。Lawrence Grossberg, Ellen Wartella, & D. Charles Whitney著。媒體原理與塑造。台北:韋伯文化。
  3. 朱則剛(2005)。加拿大媒體素養教育探討。圖書資訊學刊。3(1-2),1-13。
  4. 余陽洲(2003)。媒體公民教育的重要概念與教學特色。師友,436,21-24。
  5. 吳曼如(2009),從媒體素養觀點來探討校園電視台規劃---以臺北市JK國小為例,國立台北教育大學教育傳播與科技研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭學政(2017)。問題導向學習策略融入翻轉教室對於國中生媒體近用影響之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-95。
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