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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 方亞芸、邱艷芬(2005)。國際護理作業分類系統之臨床適用性評估-台灣ICNP臨床測試計畫。實證護理,1(2),77-89。doi:10.6225/JEBN.1.2.77
  2. 3. 江素微(1998)。談護理計劃電腦作業系統之推展經驗。長庚護理,9(2),59-61。
  3. 4. 李麗紅、楊政議(2001)。護理診斷書寫常見的錯誤。護理雜誌,48(6),83-88。doi:10.6224/JN.48.6.83
  4. 6. 周幸生、林麗華、曾院美、尹祚芊、張博論、陳玉枝(2006)。護理計畫決策支援系統雛型之建立。榮總護理,23(2),147-156。
  5. 7. 邱艷芬、蔡欣玲(2001)。國際護理作業分類系統在健康資訊、知識及系統的發展-參加「國際護理作業分類系統翻譯者與評估者研習會」紀事。護理雜誌,48(1),15-18。doi:10.6224/JN.48.1.15
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