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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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戴育仁 , Masters  Advisor:劉建宏  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 8.蔡震榮,「行政罰法修法之探討」,法令月刊,第64卷第2期,頁23-43,2013年2月。
    2. 9.蘇俊雄,「論刑罰與行政刑罰及行政罰之範疇界限-評最高法院八十九年度台非字第八七號判決」,月旦法學,第73期,頁155-161,2001年6月。
    3. 2.黃義偉,「行政法上一行為不二罰原則理論與實務之研究」,國立臺北大學法律學系碩士論文,2009年1月。
    4. 1.劉建宏,「行政罰法上單一行為之概念—大法官釋字第604號解釋之探討」,第六屆行政法實務與理論學術研討會,最高行政法院、臺北高等行政法院、臺中高等行政法院、高雄高等行政法院、臺大法律學院、臺大法律學院公法中心於2006年11月在台灣大學法律學院國際會議廳舉辦。
    5. 參考文獻
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