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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李振宇、蘇威傑(2009),研發承諾與營運績效:以台灣家族企業為例,組織與管理,第2卷第2期,197-221頁。
  2. 余鑑、于俊傑、蔡尚均、劉曾若(2011),人力資源管理對組織承諾之影響-以敬業貢獻度為中介變項,創新研發學刊,第7卷第1期,75-89頁。
  3. 林嬋娟、張哲嘉(2009),董監事異常異動、家族企業與企業舞弊之關聯性,會計評論,第48期,1-33頁。
  4. 林萱霈(2009),我國家族企業、公司治理與企業價值之關聯性研究,朝陽科技大學會計系碩士論文。
  5. 林姮妤(2008),領導型態對員工組織自尊、敬業貢獻度與離職傾向之影響,國立臺北大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雅櫻(2015)。工作壓力對主動行為之影響-以心理樂業為中介變項。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-85。
  2. 林畇妡(2016)。員工自我效能、知識分享意願與主動行為之關係研究。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2016。1-51。
  3. 賴韻惠(2016)。高績效工作系統對員工主動行為之研究─以自我效能為中介效果。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2016。1-93。
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