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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳育仁,2011,〈美國工會承認之法律政策—陷入制度性困境?〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,第八卷第一期。頁133-176。
  2. 林軒宇,2009,〈遠來的和尚會念經?NBA球員之薪資與效率分析〉,桃園:國立中央大學經濟學系碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 葉育大,2009,〈論我國職業棒球球員工作權之保障〉,台北:國立台北大學法律學系碩士論文,未出版。
  4. 鄧碧雲、鄧碧珍,2002,〈籃球「球員工會」制度之探討〉,《中華體育季刊》,第十六卷第四期。頁150-157。
  5. 熊鴻鈞,2009,〈超級籃球聯賽現場觀眾消費行為意圖模式之研究〉,台北:國立台灣師範大學體育學系博士論文,未出版。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王嘉琪(2007)。勞保制度下職災勞工傷後面臨之困境研究。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-120。
  2. 柳琬玲(2008)。個別勞工利益與工會集體行動的辯證:以華隆頭份廠的個案為例。政治大學勞工研究所學位論文。2008。1-145。
  3. 林宇軒(2015)。1994-1995年美國職棒大聯盟集體協商中談判行為之研究。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-144。
  4. 王富美(2015)。關廠工人案事件性質之研究。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-132。
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