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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 191 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王心怡(2002)。國中校長情緒智力、轉型領導風格與辦學績效之相關研究。彰化師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,彰化。
  2. 吳清山(1998)。學校校能研究。台北市:五南。
  3. 呂詩琦(2010)。國民中學教師覺知校長服務領導、學校組織氣氛與教師組織公民行為關係之研究。國立政治大學學校行政研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 林志興(2007)。台中縣國民小學校長轉型領導與教師組織承諾關係之研究。國立台中教育大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  5. 林明地(1999)。重建學校領導的倫理學觀念。發表於中華民國學校行政研究會主辦學校行政論壇第四次研討會,88-3-13-14。台北:國立台灣師範大學。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡芙珮(2016)。國民小學校長完全領導、組織學習與學校創新經營關係之研究---以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-261。 
  2. 張 美(2015)。國中教師自我效能、情緒管理與教師幸福感關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-227。 
  3. 許文美(2014)。雲林縣國民小學教師情緒管理與教學效能關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-171。
  4. 劉怡君(2015)。嘉義縣國民小學教師情緒勞務與學校組織氣氛關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2015。1-186。
  5. 黃毓儒(2015)。里長領導與低碳社區營造之探討-以桃園市楊梅區秀才里為例(1998年-2014年)。中央大學客家政治經濟研究所學位論文。2015。1-153。
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