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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方平煌(2002)。高階管理者的人格特質、領導風格對內控制度執行成效之影響研究(未出版之碩士論文) 國立成功大學管理學院高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA),臺南 市。
    2. 吳育仁(2008年11月)。勞動過程中勞動控制:以台灣新聞記者為例。2008第七屆管理新思維學術研討會發表之論文,臺北市台灣科技大學。
    3. 林富美(2002)。台灣媒體工會意識與集體行動之初探。新聞學研究,73,63-94。
    4. 林麗雲(2013)。英國媒體併購管制中的公共利益-「新聞集團」併購「天空衛視」。傳播研究與實踐,2,87-112。
    5. 張雅晴(2012)。何榮幸:辭職不為表態 是體制內改革的籌碼。共誌,5,4-6。
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