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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 241 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王嘉琪、鄭雅文、王榮德、郭育良(2009)。〈職災補償制度的發展與台灣制度現況〉。《台灣衛誌》,28(1),1-15。
  2. 吳淑瓊(2001)。《建構長期照護體系先導計劃第一年計畫研究報告》。台北:行政院內政部委託研究。
  3. 吳嘉娟(2007)。《軍公教18%優惠存款制度之研究》。國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  4. 吳親恩(2007)。〈所得分配惡化對公共支出增加的影響:1980-2004〉。《東吳政治學報》,25(1),73-114。
  5. 呂建德(2001)。〈從福利國家到競爭式國家?全球化與福利國家的危機〉。《台灣社會學刊》,2,263-313。
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