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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王正、呂寶靜、張媚、戴玉慈、莊坤洋、吳淑瓊,2004,《建構長期照護體系第三年計畫》,台北:內政部。
  2. 中華民國長期照護專業協會,2000,《老人安養護/長期照護機構營運指南》,台北:內政部。
  3. 吳淑瓊,2001,《建構長期照護先導計畫第一年計畫研究報告北》,台:內政部委託計畫研究報告。
  4. 李翠萍,2006,《社會福利政策執行網絡探析》,台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  5. 戴桂英,2008,《我國衛生白皮書之回顧》,台北:政院衛生署企劃處。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林雅蓁(2014)。社區在宅介護創業計畫。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-195。
  2. 黎君薇(2015)。外籍與大陸籍配偶照顧輔導措施之政策評估 - 以嘉義市為例。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2015。1-163。
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