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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Cheng. Y. C. ,2002 ,The principle and practice of educational management; Leadership and strategy, 2(4), 51-66.
    2. 一、中文部分:
    3. (一)書籍
    4. Gary Dessler著,王志剛譯,2005,《管理學導論》,第四版,台北:華泰書局。
    5. 中華警政研究學會,2010,《提升大台中地區警政為民服務品質策略與規劃》,桃園:中央警察大學。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃逸菁(2015)。情緒智力、心理資本、工作績效與組織公民行為關聯性之研究-以知覺組織支持為調節中介變項。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-117。 
    2. 賴瓊雲(2016)。探討激勵策略、領導類型與工作績效之關係 -以內政部地政機關為例。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-147。 
    3. 謝宗融(2016)。刑事警察人員家庭壓力與工作績效關聯性之研究。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2016。1-104。
    4. 高振雲(2017)。國軍領導行為與組織公民行為對工作績效之影響。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2017。1-62。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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