Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.
Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 吳重禮、黃妃(1999),雲嘉南地區賄選案件判決的政治因素分析:「層狀勝算對數模型」之運用,選舉研究,第七卷第一期,頁87-113。
  2. 7. 吳親恩(2012),立法委員選舉的賄選誘因與效果-從SNTV到EPTP,台灣民主季刊,第9卷第1期,頁41-80。
  3. 13. 陳朝政(2010),從李乙廷案省思賄選認定之問題,東吳政治學報,第28卷第2期,頁97-147。
  4. 17. 孫銘鴻、吳重禮(2012),政治因素對於賄選訴訟案件的可能影響:司法專業人士的觀點分析,台灣政治學刊,第16卷第1期,頁119-186。
  5. 18. 張世熒(2008),台灣公職人員選舉賄選現象之研究,中國行政評論,第16卷第12期,頁49-72。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :