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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 余玉眉,《台灣推動進階護理的典範白寶珠女士》,(台北市:道真基金會,2011),頁84-85。
    2. 林富士 主編,《宗教與醫療》〈癩病原理的異鄉人:戴仁壽與臺灣醫療宣教─王文基〉,(聯經,台北市,2011),頁445。
    3. 張蒼松,《解放天刑》,(台灣人權促進會,台北市,2006),頁31。
    4. 王文仁,《從〈幌馬車之歌〉看藍博洲的報導文學創作─兼論台灣報導文學的幾個文類問題》,《東華大學中國文學研究》,第3期(2005.6),頁7。
    5. 朱真一,〈Dr. George Gushue-Taylor(戴仁壽醫師): 2.照顧台灣的痲瘋病人〉,《台灣醫界》第51期(2008.8)。
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