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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 478 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡文、陳亮全、黃光國(2006)。華人社會中的信任策略。本土心理學研究,25,199-242
  2. 李英秋 (2012)。時間銀行志工參與動機與終身學習五大支柱能力之相關研究。南投縣:國立暨南國際大學終身學習與人力資源發展碩士學位學程碩士在職
  3. 吳治勳(2010)。對老的刻板印象、老化自我覺知及最適老化。台北市:國立台灣大學心理學研究所博士論文,未出版。
  4. 吳明烈、詹明娟(2010)。中高齡學習者休閒態度與活躍老化之關係研究。成人及終身教育,27:17-28。
  5. 吳明儒(2009) 。社區發展的新視野:歐洲國家經驗的學習。台灣社會福利學刊,8(1):29-69。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 松子鈞(2015)。部落、教會與社區間關係網絡變遷之探討 -以五個都市布農長老教會為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2015。1-135。
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