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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林雅容(2009)。自我認同形塑之初探:青少年、角色扮演與線上遊戲。資訊社會研究,16,197-229。
    2. 陳坤虎、雷庚玲、吳英璋(2005)。不同階段青少年之自我認同內容及危機探索之發展差異。中華心理學刊,3,249-268。
    3. 陳坤虎、雷庚玲、宋維村、吳英璋(2011)。認同重要性、認同確定性及認同落差概念之生態效度:青少年自我認同個別介入方案之療效評估。中華心理衛生學刊,4(24),549-582。
    4. 陳啟榮(2006)。臺灣青少年次文化之初探研究。中等教育,59(4),38-51。
    5. 陳正絢(2009)。女性自我認同與名牌意識之研究:以服飾配件為例。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士學位論文,未出版,臺北市。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 雷芳昇(2016)。少年「法克」的煩惱─ 國中校園「髒話」文化之個案研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-201。
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