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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑞陽. (2013). 電子發票雲個人資料保護之研究─以載具號碼為核心. 資訊安全通訊, 19(3), 43-64.
  2. 余俊賢. (2010). 因應個資法修正後電子商務業者之資料安全管理與稽核實務. 電腦稽核(22), 103-109.
  3. 李震山. (2004). “電腦處理個人資料保護法”之回顧與前瞻. [A Retrospect and Outlook on "Computer Processed Data Protection Act"]. 中正大學法學集刊(14), 35-82.
  4. 周逸濱. (2010). 日本行政機關個人資料保護法之介紹. 科技法律透析, 22(5), 19-43.
  5. 林宜隆, 周瑞國, 蔡名家, & 邱泓傑. (2011). 新版個人資料保護與資料外洩防護之探討. 電腦稽核(24), 102-116.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹承道(2015)。企業個人資料保護落實稽核機制之研究。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2015。1-251。
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