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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方毓聖(2012)。高中英語教材之性別角色探索。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王雅玄(2012)。主宰性別主宰科技?科技性別化現象分析。科學教育學刊,20(3),241-265。
  3. 吳宗曄(2005)。性別角色標準的改變。南華大學社會學研究所網路社會學通訊期刊, 48。
  4. 吳建鋒(2013)。雲林縣國小高年級學童之性別角色、班級歸屬感與霸凌行為之相關研究。國立中正大學教育學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 呂劍英(2009)。國三學生的學習風格與自然科學習興趣之研究。國立台灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳曉青(2016)。Google Classroom融入5E模式對學生的興趣影響之行動研究─以七年級自然與生活科技為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-158。 
  2. 林吉盛(2017)。學思達教學法下學習興趣與態度對全民國防教育學習成效之影響。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-66。
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