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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 社,三版,2009年2月。
    2. 3. 施慧玲,一夫一妻制度之憲法保障的再一片拼圖—大法官釋字第647號解釋
    3. 大學,2009年1月。
    4. 1. 李芳宜,「扶養親屬免稅額之研究」,國立臺灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,
    5. 2. 周明萱,「所得稅法上婚姻家庭之保護」,國立中正大學法律學研究所碩士論
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張偉志(2017)。論所得稅法之最低生存保障。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-226。 
    2. 蔣惠文(2017)。各縣市綜合所得稅退稅因素之研究。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2017。1-55。
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