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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曉雯、王泰昌、吳明政. (2008). 企業經營型態與研發活動績效. 管理學報, 25(2), 173-193.
  2. 林俊良. (2011). 應用分析網路程序法建構研發人員職能評選模式之研究-以網通產業G公司為例. (碩士), 國立中正大學, 嘉義縣.
  3. 徐作聖、曾國雄、陳仁帥. (2004). ANP多準則決策於生物科技園區區位選擇之研究. 國家政策季刊, 3(4), 185-199.
  4. 張思敏. (2006). 臺灣運動教育學領域博碩士論文內容分析、比較 與 發 展 趨 勢 之 研 究. 臺 灣 運 動 教 育 學 報, 1(1), 15-49.
  5. 陳建忠. (2012). 應用網路層級分析法探討具設計彈性新產品開發之關鍵成功因素-以A科技公司為例. (碩士), 大同大學, 台北市.
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