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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 139 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方淑玉(2003)。國民中學實施青少年與老人代間方案之成效研究:一個行動研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 王百合(2008)。高齡薪傳者與學習者代間學習歷程之研究。高師大成教所博士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。
  3. 王百合、楊國德(2010)。高齡薪傳者與兒童之代間學習互動研究 。屏東教育大學學報-教育類, 34 ,149-176。
  4. 江莉莉(2011)。繪本應用於國民小學生命教育之行動研究。中臺科技大學文教 事業經營研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  5. 陳秀萍(2004)。兒童繪本教學中國小新生人際適應改變之行動研究。國立台北師範學院教育心理與輔導學系碩士所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許珮慈(2016)。大學生對代間學習課程參與意願及態度之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-127。
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