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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 270 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰(2010)。現代國家的興起:從殖民、威權到民主體制的國家機器。載於黃金麟、汪宏倫、黃崇憲(主編),帝國邊緣:臺灣現代性的考察(101-136)。臺北市:群學。
  2. 王增勇(2005)。社區照顧的再省思:小型化?規格化?產業化?。臺灣社會研究季刊,59,91-141。
  3. 王增勇(2009)。解嚴後臺灣福利運動建置化的過程。臺灣社會研究季刊,74,407-417。
  4. 司法院大法官會議釋字第664號解釋文及理由書(2009/7/31)。
  5. 何明晃(2009)。司法院大法官會議釋字第664號解釋論析。「兩岸四地「偏差行為少年處遇之理論與實務」研討會」發表之論文,臺北市財團法人向陽公益基金會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯萱如(2016)。媒體犯罪報導對於我國刑事政策之影響。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-277。
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