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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 240 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Richard C. Bush(卜睿哲)著,林添貴譯,台灣的未來(台北:遠流,2011年2月)。
  2. 林正義,「台灣防衛性公投與美國對台政策調整」,裘兆琳編,中美關係專題研究:2004-2008(台北:中研院歐美所,初版,2011年10月)。
  3. 林正義,「美國與台灣軍事合作:威脅的評估與因應」,林碧炤、林正義編,美中台關係總體檢:《台灣關係法》30年(台北:巨流圖書,2009年)。
  4. 吳釗燮,「主導性霸權的困境:九一一後國際局勢與美中台關係的演變」,東吳政治學報,第28卷第1期(2010),頁22-23。
  5. 林正義,「『八一七公報』後美國對台軍售政策」,歐美研究,第23卷第3期(1993年9月),頁27-53。
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