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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江麗瑩(2008)。中年人的生活事件與中年危機之研究。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 吳志勳(2010)。對老的刻板印象、老化自我覺知及最適老化。台灣大學心理研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 呂寶靜(1997)。台灣地區民眾老人從事老年準備之初探。社會工作學刊,4,27-35。
  4. 呂寶靜(2004)。老人手足社會支持功能之初探:從生命週期探究法出發。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告(NSC92-2412-H004-004-)。台北市,國立政治大學社會學系。
  5. 李宗派(2004)。老化理論與老人保健(二)。身心障礙研究季刊,2(2),77-94。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林水見(2009)。高中職學生幽默風格、嘲笑風格與五大人格特質之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-109。
  2. 鄭博允(2010)。倫理課程、人格特質與道德認知之關聯性研究。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-95。
  3. 王建雅(2010)。八向度幽默風格量表之發展暨其與自尊、人格特質、依附風格關係之探討。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-283。
  4. 蔡艷紅(2012)。外籍配偶之政治認同:以臺中市為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-116。
  5. 潘美慧(2015)。多子多孫多福氣?國內有、無子女者之生活滿意度比較。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2015。1-52。
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