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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石泱(2009)。不同居住型態老人社會支持與生活適應影響因素之研究。東吳社會工作學報,21期,P27-54。
  2. 李宗派(2007)。老化概念(I):生物科學之老化理論。台灣老人保健學刊。
  3. 吳芝儀( 2011)。生涯輔導與諮商。嘉義:濤石。
  4. 呂寶靜(1997)。臺灣民眾從事老年準備之初探。社會工作學刊,4,,p27-53。
  5. 陸冠全( 2013)。我國嬰兒潮世代老年準備之研究。國立中正大學成人教育研究所碩士論文。未出版,嘉義縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃珮涵(2016)。中年女性退休準備之研究:活躍老化的需求。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-160。
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