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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王本壯(2005),「公眾參與社區總體營造相關計畫執行之行動研究—以苗栗縣推動社區規劃師運作模式為例」,《公共行政學報》,第17 期,頁1-35
  2. 江大樹、張力亞,「社區營造中組織信任的機制建構:以桃米生態村為例」,《第二屆全球化與行政治理國際學術研討會》,開南大學公共事務管理學系暨公共事務研究中心舉辦。
  3. 吳英明(1983),「公私部門協力關係和『公民眾參與』之探討」,《中國行政評論》,第2卷第3 期,頁1-14
  4. 李宗勳(2004),「公私協力與委外化的效應與價值:一項進行中的治理與改造工程」,《公共行政學報》,12期,頁41-77
  5. 林大豐(2010),從協力治理觀點解析三義木雕文化產業之發展,國立中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所碩士論文。
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