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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何蘊琪、張景媛 (2003)。合作省思專業成長模式對國小教師教學知識與信念以及社群關係之影響。國立台灣師範大學教育心理學與輔導學系。教育心理學報,34(2),157-178。
  2. 呂錘卿、余毓珊、蘇淑紋 (2011) 國小低年級數學加減文字題教科書內容分析。教育理論與實踐學刊,(23),89-116。
  3. 林淑婷 (2014)。運用平板電腦結合App進行國小六年級資訊教育課程之行動研究。國立中正大學教育學研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義。
  4. 姚如芬 (2001)。從學校本位教學模組之發展協助小學數學教師專業成長之研究。2001海峽兩岸教育學術研討會論文集,9,185-208。高雄,復文。
  5. 姚如芬 (2007)。「新台灣之子」數學學習初探。台灣數學教師電子期刊,(9),36-55。
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