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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ranjit Kumar著,胡龍騰、黃瑋瑩、潘中道合譯,研究方法-步驟化學習指南(臺北:學富文化,2000年)。
  2. Richard A. Clarke理查‧克拉克、Robert K. Knake羅伯‧柯納克著,王文勇譯,網路戰爭-下一個國安威脅及因應之道(臺北:國防部政務辦公室,2014年)。
  3. Susan Shirk謝淑麗著,溫洽溢譯,脆弱的強權(臺北:天下遠見,2011年)。
  4. Zbigniew Brzezinski布理辛斯基著,林添貴譯,大棋盤(臺北:立緒,1998年)。
  5. 閻學通,下一個十年:全球變局大預測(新北市新店區:八旗文化,2013年)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝宇琇(2017)。我國租稅法案之功能分析:2000年-2016年。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-129。 
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