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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王克陸、彭雅惠、陳美燁(2007).台灣金控子公司銀行經營績效知評估-使用DEA方法. 科技管理學刊,第十二卷(2). 頁1-28.
  2. 2.李文福、范雅鈞. (2010). 台灣銀行業經營績效分析─Luenberger生產力指標法之應用. 經濟論文叢刊. 第三十八卷(4) .頁 593–627.
  3. 7.盛子駿. (2011). 海峽兩岸經濟合作架構協議ECFA對台灣銀行與金融業永續發展之影響. 會計與財金研究, 第四卷(2). 頁 1-14.
  4. 10.陳富強、方顯光. (2011). 兩岸銀行業經營績效與生產力之探討. 華人前瞻研究, 第七卷(1). 頁 15-30.
  5. 11.葉彩蓮、陳澤義(2000).銀行經營績效評估:財務比率與DEA 的整合. 東吳經濟商學學報,第30 期. 頁19-42。
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