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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王湘雯。(2008)。由高夫曼的戲劇理論探討劇場中前台經理的工作表演。臺藝戲劇學刊,4,1-15。
  2. 王麗斐、杜淑芬、羅明華、楊國如、卓瑛、謝曜任。(2013)。生態合作取向的學校三級輔導體制:WISER 模式介紹。輔導季刊,49(2),1-8。
  3. 江文慈。(2001)。透視教學中的關鍵張力─教師情緒。師友月刊,408,43-47。
  4. 江文慈。(2003)。教育改革中的教師情緒。師友月刊,436, 0-5。
  5. 江文慈。( 2009)。 “和顏悅色”與“忍氣吞聲”的背後:國小教師情緒勞動的心理歷程分析。 教育心理學報, 40(4), 553-575。
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