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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池祥萱、繆文娟、莊瀅臻,(2014),企業社會責任對於公司財務績效之影響是雙面刃嗎?來自全球500大公司的證據,管理學報,第31卷,第1期,第1~19頁。
  2. 李秀英、劉俊儒、楊筱翎,(2011),企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性研究,東海管理評論,第13卷,第1期,第77~112頁。
  3. 林全聖,(2008),「林口發電廠物質流成本會計分析案例探討」,國立台北大學公共事務自然資源與環境管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  4. 許其清,(2012),「企業實踐ISO 26000社會責任關鍵因素分析」,國立臺北大學企業管理學系未出版博士學位論文。
  5. 張瑞生,(2009),「企業實踐社會責任之歷程及模式建構研究—以臺灣電子科技產業為例」,國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系未出版博士學位論文。
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