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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.劉碧優(1999),台灣醫師繼續教育制度實施情況之研究,朝陽科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,臺中市。
  2. 3.郭麗雯(2006),在台外商藥廠業務行為、信任與承諾之關係─以物流服務品 質為干擾變項,長榮大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,臺南市。
  3. 5.李雅瑜(2012),學名藥與原廠藥品牌權益對醫師處方意向之影響,台灣大學健康政策與管理研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  4. 7.蘇浩然(2011) ,健保藥價調整在不同藥品市場競爭特質下對於處方型態之影響:以口服降血糖用藥長期分析,台灣大學健康政策與管理研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
  5. 15.鄧宗育(2013) ,消費者選擇幼兒園關鍵因素,國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,嘉義縣。
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