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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.江孟軒(2010),台灣健保制度下專利到期藥品之競合策略:以抗憂鬱藥品為例。臺灣大學碩士,台北市。
  2. 12.全民健康保險藥價基準 – 衛生福利部中央健康健保署,網址:。
  3. 30.袁素萍(2003),企業轉型成功關鍵因素之研究」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,台南市。
  4. 33.許長禮(2010),以動態能力觀點探討本土藥廠轉型及創新之個案研究,國立政治大學,台北市。
  5. 38.黃文鴻(2014),全民健保對生技製藥產業與民眾用藥的影響,國立陽明大學衛生福利研究所碩士,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱薏叡(2016)。制度轉變與組織適應策略之研究:以在台藥商P公司為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-56。
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