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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 朱良敏,「中國對外直接投資之成因、現況與問題分析----兼論中資來臺之投資模式」,國立交通大學管理科學系碩士論文,2009年6月。
  2. 2. 林彥志,「陸資企業來臺直接投資審查機制之探討—以中國移動來臺直接投資為例」,國立交通大學管理學院碩士在職專班經營管理組碩士論文,2010年6月。
  3. 8. 曾一桓,「中國大陸國有企業進行跨國併購之研究─以國家中心論之研究途徑分析」,國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文,2007年12月。
  4. 5. 范世平,「主權財富基金發展與影響的政治經濟分析」,問題與研究,第48卷第3期,2009年9月。
  5. 6. 徐遵慈,「兩岸服貿協議對我國參與區域整合之影響與意義」,兩岸經貿,第269期,2014年5月。
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