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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. 姚蕙芸、梁志民(2004),「空頭走勢期間台股股價指數及相關因素之因果關係研究」,《商管科技季刊》,第5卷第2期,頁109-127。
    2. 2. 姚蕙芸、梁志民(2005),「空頭與多頭走勢期間以台股股價與相關因素因果關係探討-以2000及2003年為例」,《企業管理學報》,第66期,1-30。
    3. 3. 邱志昌(2012),「我國股票市場效率化之研究」,《會計與財金研究》,第五卷第二期,頁69-90。
    4. 4. 余惠芳(2009),「股權結構、股東權益與公司價值之實證研究」,《全球管理與經濟》,第五卷,第1期,1-21。
    5. 5. 吳克、余惠芳與黃曉如(2010),「資訊透明、財務操作與公司績效之實證研究」,《全球管理與經濟》,第六卷,第1期,25-41。
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