Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.
Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江怡婷(2010)。農會辦理松年大學高齡者之學習動機及學習滿意度研究-以幸福鄉農會為例。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 余美慧(2011)。自我導向學習與成功老化關係之研究--以臺南市中高齡者為例。國立中正大學成人及繼續教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。
  3. 吳友欽、李嵩義(2012)。高雄市國中小補校高齡學習者社會支持與幸福感關係之研究。樹德科技大學學報,14(1),1-28。
  4. 吳書華(2010)。男性面膜消費者之購買行為研究。淡江大學國際商學碩士論文,未出版,台北縣。
  5. 吳舒婷(2010)。藥妝品購買行為意圖探討-創新擴散模型及計畫行為理論(TPB)觀點。國立成功大學企業管理學系碩博士班碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :